Persian Gulf

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is a strategic region in the world which has always had a particular place in the course of history. It has continually been of great significance in terms of security and economic and political relationships because of possessing huge oil and gas resources and housing the Strait of Hormoz.

This important body of water, which was called the “Pars Sea” in the distant past, enjoys a rich historical, geographical, cultural, and civilizational background. Alongside its economic role, particularly in supplying a large part of world’s required energy, the different political, cultural, social, and tourist features of this Gulf have turned it into an important region in the world.

In the early 1600s, the Portuguese colonial forces entered the southern islands of Iran with the purpose of performing some financial activities. Later, through establishing some military quarters, such as the three castles in Qeshm, Lark, and Hormoz, they occupied these islands. They remained under the control of the Portuguese for about 117 years until the brave warriors of our country forced them to leave the three Iranian Islands under the command of General Imam-Quli Khan. The 24th of April, which marks the expulsion of the Portuguese from the island of Hormoz in 1672, has been denominated the National Persian Gulf Day.

The International Conference of “The Persian Gulf: The Potentials and Challenges Ahead” was held with the purposes of commemorating the National Persian Gulf Day and discussing the status of the Persian Gulf from geopolitical, historical, and legal dimensions and the quality of Iran’s more than 2500-year rule over this international waterway.

The conference was held with presence of Ayatullah Professor Seyyed Muhammed Khamenei, President of the Iranology Foundation, and a number of Iranian and foreign scientific figures on 28 April 2016 on the Persian Gulf Day on Qeshm Island. For the first time, this Conference was held with the cooperation of the Iranology Foundation and Qeshm Free Zone Organization on this island. The other purposes of this international and scientific Conference included exploring the historical significance and cultural features of this strategic waterway as an important factor in establishing regional and cultural relationships among Iran and its neighboring countries.

Persian Gulf

Ghodratollah Alizadeh, Information and International Affairs Deputy of the Iranology Foundation and the Secretariat of the Conference, stated that the purpose of holding this one-day Conference was to present the legal and scientific documents demonstrating the originality of the name of the Persian Gulf and the true rights of Iran to this strategic waterway and neutralizing the plots of those ill-wishing parties who, though forging names, try to tarnish the authenticity of the ancient name of this region.

After emphasizing that this Conference was held by the Iranology Foundation and with the cooperation of Qeshm Free Zone Organization, Dr. Alizadeh added that about 50 Iranian and non-Iranian guests (from Iraq, Armenia, Yemen, Turkey, Bahrain, Lebanon) and the President of UNESCO Committee attended this event. They presented some speeches on the themes of the Persian Gulf and the influence of England over forging a new name for it, archeology in the Persian Gulf, the intangible legacy of this international waterway, and Iranians’ knowledge of seamanship.

Persian Gulf

In his speech in the Persian Gulf Bio-Technology Park on Qeshm Island (the Conference venue), Professor Ayatullah Seyyed Muhammed Khamenei, President of Iranology Foundation, stated: “We must defend our true rights in the Persian Gulf more than ever before, and if we act correctly, no one will ever allow themselves to use a false name for this waterway. The legal status of the Persian Gulf has been established in conformity with international laws in the world, and it must be treated as a closed gulf which belongs to Iran.” He continued by emphasizing that the Persian Gulf is not a name chosen by a nation and their rulers; rather, it is a name that the history of the world and the 2500-year civilization of Iran has selected for this waterway. By referring to the fact that in most books or in different languages the Persian Gulf has been referred to by some names such as Sinus Persicus, Bahr al-Farsi, al-Khalij al-Farsi, and the Pars Sea, he argued that when we speak about the Persian Gulf, we are speaking about the Iranian civilization and a part of the land of Iran. This is because this region has continually played a key role in serving the Iranian nation and the world during the pre-Islamic and post-Islamic periods.

The Persian Gulf in Intertwined with the Roots of Iran.

Ayatullah Professor Khamenei added that the Persian Gulf is not simply a piece of water and land; it is intertwined with the roots of Iran. It has always been a source of blessing and prosperity, and we must make optimal use of its unique and vast potentials. This gulf does not pursue the goal of creating conflict and disagreement among the countries of the region. However, some of their ignorant rulers have started a useless attempt for changing its name. Our country has never welcomed war and will never do so in future; in fact, the major concern of our military forces is to protect the security of the Persian Gulf region.

If the Persian Gulf is engaged in conflict, the whole world will suffer the consequences.

The President of the Iranology Foundation also maintained that the Islamic Republic of Iran is the keeper of Peace in the Persian Gulf region, never advocates conflict and disagreement, and pursues friendly relationships with its neighboring countries. He emphasized that the Islamic Republic of Iran supports the freedom of all nations and the possibilities for Man’s growth and development in the light of Islam and Qur’anic principles and commands. Moreover, he said that our country has never interfered with the affairs of other countries and will continue this policy in future. Finally, he declared that the best way for maintaining peace and security in the Persian Gulf is to make the enemies to remove their military forces and weapons from the region and stop creating any more conflicts there.

Potentials and Challenges in the Persian Gulf

This session, which focused on the theme of Potentials and Challenges in the Persian Gulf, continued with some speeches by Hujjat al-Islam Reza Jokar, Friday Prayers Imam of Qeshm Island; Ali Fadavi, Navy Commander of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution; Hujjat al-Islam Mohammad Saeed No’mani, Leader of the Shiite Congress of Iraq, and Mohammad Hassan Ziaeefar, Secretariat of the Islamic Human Rights Commission, respectively.

The speeches of the next session included “Astrophysical Studies in the Persian Gulf Region” by Sadollah Nasiri Qeydari, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs Deputy of the Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology; “The Persian Gulf: The Potentials and Challenges Ahead” by Hekmatollah Mollasalehi, Faculty member at Tehran University and member of the Board of Trustees of the Iranology Foundation, and “The Why of Archaeological Studies in the Persian Gulf Region” by Mohammad Bahramzadeh, Research Deputy of the Iranology Foundation. The delivered speeches focused on the historical, cultural, political, and legal significance of the Persian Gulf.

Persian Gulf

The other speakers of this Conference presented the following speeches: “Explaining the Place of Intangible Legacy in the Persian Gulf Region” by Atusa Mo’meni, Secretary-General of the Scientific Studies and International Cooperation Office of the Iranology Foundation; “Captain Abbas Daryanavard and Iranians’ Naval Legacy” by Abdolkarim Mashayekhi, University Professor and President of the Iranology Foundation (Bushehr Branch); “The Persian Gulf and the First Human Distributions” by Hamed Vahdatinasab, Vice President of the Society of Iranian Archaeologists.

Persian Gulf

The International Conference of “The Persian Gulf: The Potentials and Challenges Ahead” continued by unveiling the journal of The Persian Gulf Studies, published by the Publication Centre of the Iranology Foundation, and the book of Travelogue of Captain Abbas Daryanavard. Then the Conference authorities expressed their praise for the activists in the field of the Persian Gulf and gave certificates of appreciation to some of the participants in this event. Finally, the Conference came to a close by reading a statement condemning the efforts of some of the countries in the Persian Gulf to forge a new name for this waterway and despising Saudi Arabia’s military attack to Yemen and Bahrain.

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